The project's ninth step, curated by Leo Lecci, will take place in Iceland from 8th to 23rd August. This step is inspired by the second thesis of the Manifesto: The Earth is a necessary for man as are all the other things that he appreciates for their intrinsic value: art, philosophy, music, poetry, religion, science, theatre.
The theme for this step is the melting of the glaciers. In fact, the Artic is an area of future opportunity and challenge regarding environmental protection, the safeguarding and sustainable development of local population, the exploitation of enormous fishing and mining resources (it is estimated that the Artic could contain 25% of unexplored hydrocarbon reserves), new navigation routes, scientific research, security and governance. Even if scientists have not yet reached a consensus on the irreversibility of the process f Artic glacial reduction, the countries in the area and the international community re both show a growing interest in a region whose climatic changes could have repercussions for the whole planet. The Artic Council (AC is an intergovernmental forum for the discussion and examination of Artic themes. It was instituted in 1996
with the Ottawa Declaration by Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the “inner circle” of countries around the North Pole - Canada, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation and the United States. In 2012 researchers at the Nation Snow and Ice Data Centre, the American organization that is involved with monitoring the state of the glaciers and polar areas, announced that the rate at with the Artic marine glaciers were melting was higher that ever before. In fact, during the month of August 2012, the sea ice was melting at a rate of almost a hundred square kilometres a day - twice as fat in preceding years. Furthermore, the area of the ice sheet around the North Pole had reduced to 4.1 million square kilometres, the smallest
area record since 1979 when satellite observation began. By comparison, the researchers Julienne Stroeve confirmed that the marine ice cover at the same time of year in the 1970s and 80s was well over 7 million square kilometres. In a new study published in Geophysical Research letters, Julliene Stroeve and her colleagues analyzed dozens of climatic models in order to determinate to what extent global warming is responsible for 60% of the decline registered since 199, while the remaining 40 is attributable to “natural climatic variability”.